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Asturias is located on the Northwest part of Spain, and is an old Kingdom.

The region capital is Oviedo.
Asturias being an agricultural and mining region, naturally Oviedo has become a transportation and industrial center. The principal manufactures include firearms, processed food, textiles, chemicals, and metal products. Begun in 1388, the cathedral contains the royal Asturian tombs. The city is also the site of the University of Oviedo (1608) and an archaeological museum. Founded about the middle of the 8th century, Oviedo reached the height of its importance during the 9th century, when it was the capital of the kingdom of Asturias. Oviedo's population today is roughly 205,000.

Gijón, is both a very nice city and a seaport, by the Bay of Biscay, not far form the inland city of Oviedo. Coal, copper, iron, zinc, and other minerals, as well as fish and agricultural products, are exported from Gijón. Industrial establishments in the city include foundries, textile and paper mills, oil and sugar refineries, and tobacco, chemical, glass, and porcelain factories. Gijón is thought to be the ancient Roman town of Gigia. It was captured by the Moors in the early 8th century; later in the same century, however, it was one of the first cities to be reconquered by Christian forces. In 1395 it was destroyed by fire. During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the capture of the city by the Nationalists in October 1937. Gijón has the most important roadstead on the northern Spanish coast between the ports of Santander, on the east, and El Ferrol, on the west. The construction of the port was begun in 1480; it was fortified in the latter half of the 16th century, and in 1788 it was equipped to handle West Indian trade. Gijon's population today is about 280,000.

Asturias' population is about 1,200,000


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